Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale (ACB)

- Boustani M, Campbell N, Munger S, Maidment I, Fox C. Impact of anticholinergics on the aging brain: a review and practical application. Aging Health. 2008; 4(3): 311-20.

Anticholinergic Risk Scale (ARS)

- Rudolph JL, Salow MJ, Angelini MC, McGlinchey RE. The anticholinergic risk scale and anticholinergic adverse effects in older persons. Arch Intern Med. 2008; 168(5):508-13.

Chew’s scale (Chew)

- Chew ML, Mulsant BH, Pollock BG, Lehman ME, Greenspan A, Mahmoud RA, et al. Anticholinergic activity of 107 medications commonly used by older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008; 56(7):1333-41.

Anticholinergic Drug Scale (ADS)

- Carnahan RM, Lund BC, Perry PJ, Pollock BG, Culp KR. The Anticholinergic Drug Scale as a measure of drug-related anticholinergic burden: associations with serum anticholinergic activity. J Clin Pharmacol. 2006; 46:1481-6.
- Update ADS score 2013

Anticholinergic Activity Scale (AAS)

- Ehrt U, Broich K, Larsen JP, Ballard C, Aarsland D. Use of drugs with anticholinergic effect and impact on cognition in Parkinson's disease: a cohort study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2010; 81(2):160-5.

Anticholinergic Load Scale (ALS)

- Sittironnarit G, Ames D, Bush A, Faux N, Flicker L, Foster J, et al. Effects of anticholinergic drugs on cognitive function in older Australians: results from the AIBL study. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2011; 31(3):173-8.

Clinician-Rated Anticholinergic Scale (CrAS)

- Han L, Agostini JV, Allore HG, Abrahamowicz M, Primeau F, Élie M. Cumulative anticholinergic exposure is associated with poor memory and executive function in older men. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008; 56:2203-10.

Duran’s scale (Duran)

- Durán CE, Azermai M, Vander Stichele RH. Systematic review of anticholinergic risk scales in older adults. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2013; 69(7):1485-96.

Anticholinergic Burden Classification (ABC)

- Ancelin ML, Artero S, Portet F, Dupuy AM, Touchon J, Ritchie K. Non-degenerative mild cognitive impairment in elderly people and use of anticholinergic drugs: longitudinal cohort study. BMJ. 2006; 332:455-9.

Drug Burden Index (DBI)

- Hilmer SN, Mager DE, Simonsick EM, Cao Y, Ling SM, Windham BG, et al. A drug burden index to define the functional burden of medications in older people. Arch Intern Med. 2007; 167 (8): 781-7.
- Dispennette R, Elliott D, Nguyen L, Richmond R. Drug Burden Index score and anticholinergic risk scale as predictors of readmission to the hospital. Consult Pharm. 2014; 29(3):158-68.
- Spanish Agency of Medicines and Medical Devices – AEMPS

- A.M. Villalba-Moreno, et al., Systematic review on the use of anticholinergic scales in poly pathological patients, Arch. Gerontol. Geriatr. (2015),